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The Stanford motto, 'The wind of freedom blows,' is an invitation to free an open inquiry in the pursuit of teaching and research. The freedom of scholarly inquiry granted to faculty and students at Stanford is our greatest privilege; using this privilege is our objective.

- President John Hennessy

 



The Leland Stanford Junior University, commonly known as Stanford University (or simply Stanford), is a private university located approximately 37 miles (60 kilometers) southeast of San Francisco in an unincorporated part of Santa Clara County. Adjacent to the city of Palo Alto, Stanford lies at the heart of the Silicon Valley, both geographically and historically.

 

 Stanford News

Stanford Doctor Works to Get Medical Relief to Iraq's Civilian People

STANFORD, Calif., Jul 10, 2008 (BUSINESS WIRE) -- When he looked at one small accident victim--a boy shot in the head by his brother--Robert Norris, MD, saw the need for emergency medical care for the people of Iraq. And it is urgent.
"The scene was just chaotic," said Norris, who saw the boy, surrounded by distraught family members, among hundreds of others waiting for care in the casualty units in the Sulaymaniya Emergency Hospital in northern Iraq. Unconscious, wrapped haphazardly in a colorful blanket, he'd been rushed to the hospital by his family. "Not much was being done for him. The outcome probably wasn't going to be good."
In a country daily beset by conflict and trauma, Iraq has a severe lack of emergency medical care. With limited ambulance service, no 911 system and no paramedics, many Iraqis die preventable deaths while waiting for care or en route to hospitals.
"There's a lot to be done," said Norris, associate professor of emergency medicine at Stanford University School of Medicine. He was one of four U.S. emergency medicine experts flown to northern Iraq recently as part of a fact-finding mission and early training team. Their goal is to help set up a formal emergency medicine training program for Iraqi health professionals for the first time in that nation's history. "The past regime was not conducive to medical training," he said.
Patients, like the boy with a bullet lodged in his brain, usually arrive at hospitals by taxi or car. They are then transferred to stretchers and taken to casualty wards where they await another transfer to an appropriate ward before getting treated.
"There's a lot of moving around before getting care," Norris said. "They need a system to be able to do triage, to get patients to the most appropriate care as quickly as possible."
During the two-week trip in February to northern Iraq, Norris taught a medical course in airway management to a group of about 50 Iraqi physicians and toured eight hospitals. The program, held in the city of Erbil, was a joint effort put together by the Medical Alliance for Iraq, a volunteer group of western doctors that joined forces with the International Medical Corps, a non-profit group that's been working to improve medical care in Iraq since 2003. Funding came from both the U.S. government's State Department and the Iraqi government.
In addition to Norris, the other three U.S. emergency medicine experts were Craig Manifold, MD, chief of emergency services at Southeast Baptist Hospital in San Antonio, Texas; Gregory Luke Larkin, MD, professor of surgery and vice chair of emergency medicine at Yale University School of Medicine, and Ross Donaldson, MD, UC-Los Angeles medical professor and global health expert.
"Twenty-five years ago, Iraq had the premiere health care system in the Middle East," said Mike Brennan, MD, a South Carolina ophthalmologist who recruited the 50 or so volunteer doctors who make up the Medical Alliance for Iraq, including Norris. "During Saddam's regime, it was cut off from the outside world and fell way behind on technology. You couldn't get in or out of the country for education. Then, in the last five years with the war, it's been hit from all sides."
In an effort to bring educational aid to Iraqi physicians, Brennan said the Medical Alliance for Iraq approached the Iraqi ministers of health to see what training was needed most. Their list started with high-risk obstetrics, pediatric infectious disease, psychiatry and emergency medicine.
"The infrastructure of emergency medicine in Iraq is in shambles," Brennan said. "They don't have graduate or residency training in Iraq. They need everything from ambulances to triage to getting nurses involved."
Emergency medicine is a relatively new concept to the Middle East. The Arab Society of Trauma and Emergency Medicine was started in 2002, but few countries have well-trained emergency medicine specialists, according to a report on the project published by the working group that organized at the meeting. As a result, death from trauma, cardiovascular emergencies and other treatable conditions such as asthma are much higher in the Middle East than other countries with emergency medicine training.
In Iraq, the war has compounded the problems.
The four U.S. doctors traveled by motorcade, touring northern Iraq hospitals joined by both the Iraqi minister of health, Saleh Hasnawi, MD, and the Kurdish minister of health Zryan Othman, MD. Hasnawi had recently reported the results of the "Iraq Family Health Survey" which estimates there were 151,000 violence-related Iraqi deaths from 2003 to 2006.
"It seems to most of us, that if anywhere in the world deserves a good emergency system, it should be Iraq," wrote Donaldson, the UCLA professor and physician on the mission.
Norris and the other three U.S. doctors plan to return to Iraq in December, visiting Baghdad as the next step toward helping to set up an official emergency medicine training program.
"I was impressed by how warm and open the Iraqi physicians were," Norris said. "They were incredibly appreciative that we wanted to help rebuild their health care system, which I guess at one time was phenomenal. With Saddam, it crumbled to nothing. They're just hungry for access to knowledge, and any help they can get to better care for their patients."

Wolfgang Panofsky, renowned Stanford physicist and arms control advocate, dead at 88

Wolfgang K. H. "Pief" Panofsky, professor of physics at Stanford University and director emeritus of the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC), died of a heart attack at his home in Los Altos, Calif., Monday, Sept. 24. He was 88 years old.

Panofsky was a renowned particle physics researcher, an accelerator builder and an administrator of basic research. In parallel with his science career, he pursued two other interests of interrelated historical significance: nuclear arms control and international peace and security.

"Pief Panofsky's contributions to SLAC and the field of physics have certainly earned him a place in Stanford's pantheon of scholars. But it is equally important to note that his work on nuclear arms control earned him a reputation not just as a scientist but as a patriot whose life will continue to influence and inspire us for generations to come," said Stanford Provost John Etchemendy.

Panofsky was awarded many honors during his lifetime, most notably the National Medal of Science in 1969 and the U.S. Department of Energy's Enrico Fermi Award in 1979.

Born in Berlin April 24, 1919, the son of famed art historian Erwin Panofsky, he arrived in the United States in 1934 and became a naturalized citizen in 1942. He graduated from Princeton University in 1938, received his PhD in physics from the California Institute of Technology in 1942 and served as consultant to the Manhattan Project, helping build the first atomic bomb during World War II.

In 1945 Panofsky began work as a staff physicist at the Radiation Laboratory at the University of California-Berkeley and was named associate professor of physics in 1948. In 1951 he joined Stanford as a full professor, directing its High-Energy Physics Laboratory until 1961. When a major new project to build a 2-mile linear electron accelerator began in 1961, Panofsky assumed its leadership and became the first director of SLAC, a post he held until retiring in 1984.

At Berkeley, Panofsky and physicist Jack Steinberger were the first to isolate the neutral pi meson, one of the subatomic particles predicted by theorists to account for the strong force binding atomic nuclei. While at Stanford, he led a series of experiments that used high-energy electrons and photons to examine the structure and behavior of the proton.

Panofsky was a member of the President's Science Advisory Committee in the Eisenhower, Kennedy and Johnson administrations. He advised the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission and the Department of Energy on their nuclear weapons and arms control programs. In the 1980s, he was an outspoken critic of the "Star Wars" anti-missile program. After his retirement, he was an active member of the National Academy of Sciences' Committee on International Security and Arms Control, serving as its chairman from 1985 to 1993.

Panofsky was a fellow of the American Physical Society and served as its president in 1974. He was also a member of the National Academy of Sciences as well as a foreign member of the Chinese, French, Italian and Russian scientific academies.

"The world has lost a truly great man," added Persis Drell, acting director of SLAC. "Pief's impact on particle physics was enormous, but, in addition, everyone will remember him for his unflinching integrity, personal warmth and desire to fight for the principles he believed in."

Panofsky is survived by his wife, Adele, and five children: Richard, Margaret, Edward, Carol and Steven. Memorial service plans are pending.

 

 

 Stanford News

SICA grants bring filmmaker Werner Herzog, play Miracle in Rwanda to campus

A play based on the experiences of Immaculée Ilibagiza, who survived the Rwandan genocide by hiding for 91 days with seven other Tutsi women in a tiny bathroom, will come to Stanford in November, thanks to a grant from the Stanford Institute for Creativity and the Arts (SICA).

 

 

 Stanford News

Satellite images reveal link between urban growth and changing rainfall patterns

For the first time, scientists have used satellite images to demonstrate a link between rapid city growth and rainfall patterns, as well as to assess compliance with an international treaty to protect wetlands. The results have been published in two studies co-authored by Karen Seto, assistant professor of geological and environmental sciences and a fellow at the Woods Institute for the Environment at Stanford University.

"The exciting thing is really for the first time, using a time series of satellite images, we can monitor Earth in a way that we haven't been able to," Seto said. "It's not just about urban growth or wetlands—it could be about desertification or deforestation—but it's really just this issue of human modification of the Earth." 

Stanford News

Dish trail remains closed following Thursday's fire

A roughly 20-acre grass fire near the Dish in the Stanford foothills resulted in the closure of Junipero Serra Boulevard from Stanford Avenue to Campus Drive East for several hours Thursday afternoon.

For safety reasons, electricity was briefly shut off to 2,000 homes in the area because a power line ran through the vicinity of the blaze, Stanford Police Chief Laura Wilson said. No homes were damaged, and no residents were evacuated, Wilson said.

The fire was reported at 1:20 p.m. Thursday, July 5, and was contained within a few hours. Two firefighters were treated for heat exhaustion, according to Deputy Sheriff Chris Cohendet of the Stanford Department of Public Safety. No other injuries were reported.

The Dish recreation area will remain closed through at least July 15 as officials investigate the cause of the blaze and efforts are made to mitigate the danger of fire in the area.

About 20 fire engines from the Palo Alto Fire Department and the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection responded, and fixed wing aircraft and helicopters dropped fire retardant on the blaze.

 

Situated on an expansive campus in suburban California, the University offers, in addition to its undergraduate college, schools of engineering, law, medicine, education, business, earth sciences, and humanities and sciences. Stanford hosts programs and a teaching hospital in addition to various community outreach and volunteer initiatives. Research is conducted in many areas, including anthropology, robotics, geophysics, and entomology.

Motto Die Luft der Freiheit weht
(German for "The wind of freedom blows") Established 1891

Type Private Endowment US$13.2 billion Staff1,773  Undergraduate 6,705 Postgraduates 8,176  Location Stanford, CA USA

Campus Suburban, 8,180 acres (33.1 km²) Athletics Cardinal Mascot None. Unofficially, the Stanford Tree. Teams referred to as the Stanford Cardinal

 

The children of California shall be our children.

— Leland Stanford

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Stanford News

Wie Mercury News berichtet, hat Suchmaschine Google sich die automatisierte 3D Erfassung  von Gebäuden lizensiert.

Die Technologie der neuen Lizenz stammt von der Universität Stanford, welche diese im Jahr 2005 für die erste DARPA Grand Challenge 2005 entwickelt hat. Die neue Technologie ermöglicht es Google, die automatisierte Generierung von 3D Modellen aus zusammengesetztem Bildcontent zu erstellen. Dadurch ist Google in der Lage, sein Online Kartenprogramm Google Earth, mit zusätzlichen Objekten zu versehen, welche nicht den aufwendigen Weg der Erstellung in Google Sketchup gehen müssen (siehe 3D Google Earth Modell von Berlin oder 3D Google Earth Modell von Neubrandenburg).

 

 

German Content / Deutsche Beschreibung der Stanford Universität

Die Leland Stanford Junior University (kurz Stanford) in Stanford (Kalifornien) ist eine der bekanntesten und mit einem Stiftungsvermögen von 15,2 Milliarden Dollar eine der reichsten Universitäten der Welt. In einem weltweiten Hochschulranking des amerikanischen Magazins Newsweek (The Top 100 Global Universities) rangiert sie auf dem zweiten Platz. Sie wurde im Jahr 1891 durch den früheren kalifornischen Gouverneur Leland Stanford in der Bay Area, etwa 60 Kilometer südlich von San Francisco, gegründet. Derzeit sind hier 14.881 Studenten eingeschrieben.

Durch ihre erstklassige Ausbildung wurde die Universität einer der Wachstumsmotoren des "Silicon Valley", des weltweit führenden Mikrochipzentrums. Die Stanford University beschleunigte die wirtschaftliche Entwicklung der Region um San Francisco. Die Hochschule ist Mitglied der Association of American Universities, einem seit 1900 bestehenden Verbund führender forschungsintensiver nordamerikanischer Universitäten. Weiterhin gehört zu ihr eine der besten Business Schools der Welt.

Das Motto der Universität, welches die Siegel und alle Andenken der Hochschule ziert, lautet: "Die Luft der Freiheit weht." Der Satz geht auf den deutschen Humanisten Ulrich von Hutten (1488 - 1523) zurück und wurde von David Starr Jordan, dem ersten Präsidenten der Stanford University, eingeführt.

Derzeitiger Präsident der Universität ist John L. Hennessy, der den aus Deutschland stammenden Gerhard Casper ablöste.

Seit Jahren setzt sich die Universität aktiv gegen die gesellschaftliche Diskriminierung von Schwulen, Lesben, Bi- und Transsexuellen ein und unterstützt durch "affirmative action" die bevorzugte Aufnahme von hochqualifizierten Studenten und Professoren aus diesen Minderheiten.

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